The National Broadband Network (NBN) is designed to give all Australians the opportunity to access fast and reliable internet services with different technologies. To do this, NBN Co is rolling out a mix of different service delivery technologies in different areas:
- Fibre to the Premises (FTTP): Delivers new fibre optic cable all the way from the exchange to your premises.
- Fibre to the Node (FTTN): Makes use of fibre optic cable running from the exchange to nodes (also called cabinets) in your local area and from there using the copper lines to your premises via VDSL technology.
- Fibre to the Building (FTTB): Runs optical fibre to a connection point (Main Distribution Frame) in the building and from there using copper connections to your unit/apartment via VDSL technology.
- Fibre to the Curb (FTTC): Runs optical Fibre leading to a small node in the telecommunications pit or mounted to the pole outside your premises. From there, a copper telephone cable delivers the service to the wall socket inside your premises if you are in a single dwelling unit or to the customer side MDF if you are in a multiple dwelling unit.
- Fixed Wireless: Provides a wireless access to your premises via an antenna within coverage of a nbn™ base station in your local area
- Hybrid Fibre Coaxial (HFC): Allows broadband to be delivered to your premises using a combination of fibre and coaxial cable.
- Long Term Satellite Service: Is delivered with communication between the satellite dish on your roof and nbn™ satellite.
Each address will have access to only one type of technology (non-optional).
The project is headed by NBN Co on behalf of the Federal Government, with the intention to replace Australia’s existing copper network, which can no longer keep up with our growing demand for faster broadband and high performing internet. As the NBN is set to replace the copper network, this means our landline phone network with also be undergoing a renewal and calls will increasingly be directed over the new NBN internet services (VoIP).